Thursday, December 3, 2015

Additional Notes

A book by Michael Reed titled: The Making of Britain , The Age of Exuberance 1550 - 1700 , contains a number of thoughts that seem important to place in this discussion.  On pages 19 - 21, he discusses the Act of Union and a number of factors not previously presented.  He states that the Act of Union took some time for the details to be applied.  He notes that the first Welsh Justices of the Peace appear in 1541, and it was not until March of 1543 a complete list of Justices for all the Welsh counties appears.  From this point forward, the laws of England were place as the authority in Wales.
The 12 counties in Wales were placed into 4 sets of three, and a Justices for each group was organized.  The work of these Justices were under the supervision of the Court of Great Sessions.  A Council of The Marches was held in Ludow and had a superior jurisdiction.  This authority extended to Shropshire, Herefordshire, Worcestershire, and Gloucestershire.

The cover to my copy is shown.  It was first published 1986 by Routledge & Kegan Paul, London.

Friday, January 16, 2015

Of Welsh Descent

For those of Welsh descent, the English surname system has its origin with the Act of Union.   Many surnames appear around, and after, this Act was put into affect.  The following figure presents the impact on the JONES surname as it appears in the "List of Early Chancery Proceedings" preserved in the Public Record Office, England.

It was after 1544 that the JONES surname starts to appear in the legal records.  By 1558, the surname peaks and begins to climb again after 1650.  Other surnames from Welsh families had the same origin.  The next figure demonstrates how different surnames came into existence.

In each case, the individuals shared a common ancestor [Thomas].  Each "son" in the Welsh naming system would become "Richard ap Thomas", "Edward ap Thomas", "John ap Thomas", and "David ap Thomas".   When the Act of Union took affect [1536 - 1542], "Peter ap Richard ap Thomas" became "Peter Richards", and "David ap Edward ap Thomas" became "David Edwards".   Any who were the "son of a John" became "JONES".   On and on it would go.  After several generations of  different surnames, the family often lost their Welsh connections.  So, a different surname took a distinctive branch along the family tree although they shared a common grandfather.  For the genealogist, this process is important in recognizing that today, those who share the same surname, may not be related at all.